Electrical Safety for Kids.
How to be spark smart:
1. Never put an object into a power point (other than a power plug).
2. Don’t overload one power point or power board.
3. Use plug caps when you have small children in the house.
4. Pull from the plug, not the cord.
5. Never put metal objects in the toaster.
6. Don’t put objects containing metal in the microwave. Watch out for gold-lined cups and plates as well as kitchen foil.
7. Never touch a worn, frayed or damaged electrical cord. If you find one, tell an adult immediately.
8. Never use electrical appliances if you’re wet, standing in water or near water.
9. Never put drinks on top of your video game console or other electrical devices.
10. Keep electrical wires and appliance cords away from heaters.
11. Always turn off a light at the switch before changing a globe.
12. Stay away from power lines. Never climb trees near power lines or touch power lines if they fall.
13. Don’t use kites, balloons or remote-controlled drones or planes near power lines.
14. Never throw things onto power lines.
15. Stay away from transformers and electricity substations.
16. Never swim during a thunderstorm.
17. Never plug in an electrical appliance near a pool.
Teach your kids what electricity is in a way that they understand:
Electric charge – a property of some subatomic particles, which determines their electromagnetic interactions.
Electrically charged matter is influenced by, and produces, electromagnetic fields.
Electric current – a movement or flow of electrically charged particles, typically measured in amperes.
Electric field – an influence produced by an electric charge on other charges in its vicinity.
Electric potential – the capacity of an electric field to do work on a electric charge, typically measured in volts.
Electromagnetism – a fundamental interaction between the magnetic field and the presence and motion of an electric charge.
Dangers of electricty:
Children are naturally curious and do not know the dangers of electricity. Teaching them the basics about the power of electricity and electrical shock helps to keep them safe from harm. The following basics of electricity are important for children to understand.
Electricity has the power to cause burns, shocks and even death.
Appliances and power cords can be just as dangerous as electrical power lines if you do not take proper safety precautions.
Electricity flows easily through water, and it will travel through your body since your body is made of 70 percent water.
Being safe inside the home and outside:
- Never stick your fingers or any object into an electrical outlet or light bulb socket.
- Keep fingers and other objects out of small appliances, such as toasters, even if the appliance is off.
- Never use an appliance near a sink, bathtub or other source of water.
- Keep electrical wires and appliance cords away from sources of heat.
- Keep electrical cords away from sinks, bathtubs and other sources of water.
- Never touch any electrical appliance or device, such as a light switch, hair dryer or toaster, if you are touching water.
- Never pull an electric plug out of the wall outlet by yanking on the electric cord.
- Unplug an electrical appliance before cleaning it.
- Never use any electrical appliance if you are wet.
- If you see a worn, frayed or damaged electrical cord, tell an adult immediately.
- Do not climb trees that are near power lines or have power lines running through them.
- If you are flying a kite, or have Mylar or helium-filled balloons on strings, make sure to keep away from power.
- lines. If the kite line or balloon strings are tangled in power lines, the electricity can travel down the line and cause a shock or start a fire.
- Never go swimming during an electrical storm.
- If you see something stuck or tangled in a power line, have an adult call the power company. Never try to remove the item from the power lines yourself.
- Do not climb utility poles.
- Keep away from electric substations.
- Do not climb on fences around electric substations.
- If you see a fallen electrical wire, stay away from it. Have an adult call the power company to report the downed wire or call 000.
- Never touch anything or anyone touching a wire that is down. Call 000 or have an adult call 000 immediately.
- Be careful to avoid touching overhead electrical wires if you are carrying a long object such as a pool skimmer or ladder.
- Never throw objects, such as sneakers, at or onto electric power lines.
- Never touch a power line with any part of your body or any object.
- Never fly model airplanes or remote controlled airplanes or helicopters near overhead power lines. Play with them in open areas such as parks or fields.
- Never go into an electric substation for any reason. If a pet has gone into the area, do not try to get it yourself.
- Have an adult call the power company.
- Do not hang signs or banners on electric utility poles.
- If a friend, family member or pet is in contact with a downed electrical line or any type of electrical equipment, call 000 or have an adult call 000 immediately.
- If you are operating an electrical tool, using an electrical appliance or playing with an electrical toy outside, stay at least 10 feet away from any wet surface or swimming pool.
- Do not touch any electrical tools, appliances or toys if you are wet, standing in a puddle or are in a pool.